Different Categories of Stress

The Many Faces of Stress

Stress affects each individual differently, according to the cause and its effects. Therefore, there are different kinds of stress as recognized by clinical and research studies. It is important for an individual to recognize the cause of stress in order to know how to deal with it, and hopefully reduce stress levels. Each type of stress have different approaches to treatment.

There are three known types of stress: acute stress, episodic acute stress, and chronic stress. However, a fourth kind – psychological stress – is also becoming more prevalent and is considered as a legitimate type of stress.

Acute Stress

Acute stress is the most common form of stress. Acute stress results from the pressures you are subjected to in your everyday life. Small amounts of acute stress can actually be beneficial. Think of athletes that are about to compete in an event. They experience acute stress, which triggers the production of adrenaline and giving them a burst of energy needed to perform their best.

The symptoms for this type of stress are easily recognizable and mostly affects a you in the short term. Common symptoms include back or neck pain, muscular tensions, headache, rapid heartbeat, sweaty palms, cold hands or feet.

Episodic Acute Stress

As mentioned above, acute stress is quite common to most people. However, there are some who experience it more often than others. These people are the ones who are so focused on achieving organization and yet always fail when it comes to performance. Therefore, it is not surprising that they often become irritable, if not with themselves,  then with their initial environment. This also explains why they find the workplace quite a stressful environment.

Other forms of episodic acute stress occur in people who worry excessively. They have become so pessimistic about the environment that they always project something wrong would happen. Hence, they end up feeling awful, tense, or anxious without having clear reasons for feeling that way.

Chronic Stress

This is the type of stress can wear you out. And, it builds up over time and can produce long-term effects, whether emotionally or physically. Most forms of chronic stress are caused by trauma that is difficult to let go. Consequently, chronic stress can continually disrupt your everyday life.

One problem with chronic stress is that people often believe that it is something that is innate to them and that they cannot get rid of. It makes treating this condition difficult because it is often ignored by the person affected by it. It can, however, be treated through stress management, behavioral treatment, and counseling.

Psychological Stress

Stress has its own set of complexities. With the different types stated above, psychological stress reflects a person’s ability to respond to a given situation. During dangerous situations, your body produces hormones known as adrenaline and cortisol that prompts the body to make a response.

Compare this to charging a battery that produces high voltage that must be discharged. In the case of a person suffering from psychological stress, the body fails to discharge that burst of energy that is produced. The continued raise in your heart rate and the production of adrenaline could result to fatal problems in your heart.

There are several reasons as to how one acquires psychological stress but it can include trauma suffered from an emotionally disturbing event in the past or other emotional anxieties. People suffering from psychological stress tend to make decisions that place them in even more stressful situations.

Are your daily life issues causing you stress? NewVision Counseling of Charlotte NC offers professional counseling to help you reduce and eliminate stress.


NewVision Counseling and Consulting Services, PLLC

1905 J N Pease Pl Ste 202

Charlotte, NC 28262



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